If you heat your home with oil, investing in an above-ground oil tank is a sensible decision. Nonetheless, there are a few safety measures you should take before committing to the purchase.
Concerns for Homebuyers Considering Properties WithOil Tanks
Challenges arise while looking for a home to buy if it has an above-ground oil tank. Tanks depreciate a home’s value and make it harder to sell. Oil tanks should be inspected before purchase for safety reasons. If your tank is leaking, a professional service technician can tell you for sure.
If the home you’re interested in purchasing has an above-ground oil tank, you should check to see if it is still in operation or if it has been decommissioned. Leaks from working tanks are a common issue and can cost a lot to fix. If you discover a working tank, you may want to have it removed and replaced. Think about purchasing a tank warranty as well.
Both Above Ground and Under Ground Oil Tanks
Your home may include an underground oil tank in addition to the one above ground. These require more work to find and may be hidden from plain sight. The tank should be relocated if it cannot be located.
A protective bollard is another option you can use in the garage. Bollards are steel stakes that are filled with concrete and then embedded in the ground. They’re useful for preventing ground movement.
Make sure you know the local and state regulations that apply to your situation before making any decisions. There are a few states that do not require registration of modest household oil tanks.
The National Fire Protection Association has also established guidelines for how installations should be carried out. Your tank’s compliance with current standards can be verified by a trained professional.
If you’re thinking about putting in an above-ground oil tank, the golden rule is to do it only if you can put a concrete pad underneath it. There is a wide variety of sizes and shapes to choose from, so you can pick the one that works best for you.
You should hire a professional who is authorized to set up such tanks. They’ll have the knowledge to finish the work right, too.
Benefits of an Aboveground Oil Tank
A major benefit of an above-ground oil tank is the simplicity of maintenance. But these tanks are vulnerable and can be easily damaged. If you can, go with an above-ground model that complies with modern standards.
Aside from the obvious, you should also look into whether or not a license is necessary. Site remediation may also be necessary, depending on the specifics of the location.
Having a soil test done is also recommended before purchasing a home that has an above-ground oil tank. This straightforward and low-cost analysis will reveal whether or not the ground is tainted. You may be able to negotiate with the seller for a soil test if you’re a conscientious buyer.
NFPA 31 Standards
Oil storage facilities that are above ground must adhere to the standards set forth in NFPA 31.
In the United States, oil-burning appliances must be installed in accordance with NFPA 31. To comply, atmospheric tanks must be built to industry standards. Fire ratings of at least two hours are required for aboveground storage tanks.
In order to store liquids of classes I, II, or IIIA, the tank needs to be equipped with a water spray system that has been reviewed and certified by the appropriate authorities.
Types of Oil Tanks
Fuel oil storage tanks that sit on the ground can be found in a wide range of capacities. A 275-gallon tank typically weighs more than 2,000 pounds and must be supported by concrete. The diameter needs to be between 60 and 80 inches (152 and 203 mm).
There may be a need for extra support if it’s going up in a windy place. It could also be set up on a firm, compacted dirt surface. A protective paint should be applied to it.
Fuel oil overfill protection systems and pipes must also adhere to NFPA 31 standards. A sufficient size is required to control backpressure and allow for venting in the event of an emergency.
It also requires level sensors, alarms, and float switches. To complete the setup, the fuel supply must be linked to the system. When it comes to oil lines, only certain metals will do. Joint compound and fuel oil-tight seals must be applied to all pipe connections.
The above-ground tank needs to be covered to prevent it from becoming wet. It’s recommended to set up a polyethylene drip pan with a valve and filter space underneath the tank.
A downhill slope to divert water away from the area is also recommended. Further, a bedding surface is required for installation. Having the tank set up on a concrete slab opens it up to the possibility of cracking during severe weather. It needs to be coated in hot tar or something else that prevents corrosion.
Commercial Oil Tanks
Commercial-grade oil stored in aboveground tanks does not necessitate the use of manhole covers. The manhole covers, however, need to be airtight and watertight. Corrosion- and the chafe-resistant strap is required for fastening them to the fuel supports.
Extra support may be needed for fuel oil storage in a flood plain. As an additional requirement, protection from the elements may be essential. The system must conform to the standards set out by NFPA 31 for the storage of fuel oil for use in space or water heating.
In addition, the system must adhere to the standards laid out in Chapter 13 of NFPA 31. The system must also be in accordance with Section 603.3 of the California Fire Code.
The maximum volume of fuel oil that can be stored above ground is 660 gallons (2498 L). No more than one thousand gallons of fuel may be stored in a system consisting of a tank and fuel lines (31,278 L). There must be secondary containment if the total capacity is more than the safe limit.
There may be construction codes that must be followed while installing an above-ground oil tank. Putting tanks underground may be allowed in certain towns. On the other hand, these are typically not advised.
The Most Typical Components of Aboveground Oil Tanks
It’s not always easy to figure out which home oil tank you need to buy. Available choices range widely in terms of cost, usefulness, and longevity.
Investigate the advantages and disadvantages of each option and how they might affect your family before making a final choice. Investing in the most suitable tank for your home might prevent future hassle and expense.
Above-ground tanks are frequently used for storing oil and are very common. These tanks can be placed inside or outside a house, and they serve multiple purposes.
These tanks are available in a number of different sizes and are typically employed to hold heating oil. They are versatile enough to hold a wide variety of fuels.
An underground tank, in contrast to an above-ground one, is not visible to the naked eye. It is often larger than an above-ground tank and can be located in a variety of sites outside the house.
People who value security and convenience should seriously consider installing an underground tank. However, these tanks lack the aesthetic appeal of their above-ground counterparts.
Home Oil Tanks
The finest oil storage tank for your home is one that can withstand the pressures of regular use. You can tell a high-quality tank by its internal liner and its flat floor. This will make sure the fuel tank can handle the load. Furthermore, it will be resistant to leaks, snow, and fallen limbs.
A subterranean tank is preferable to an aboveground one in locations prone to flooding and other extreme weather events. Because it is buried underground, a tank is safer from vandalism and theft. It can also resist heat without breaking. Homeowners that prioritize safety and convenience should install an underground tank.
Above-ground storage tanks typically start with 12-gauge steel and an electrostatic powder paint finish. The thickness of the actual tank is 2.73 millimeters. Additionally, it comes pre-painted by the manufacturer.
Depending on the size of the tank, you may or may not be able to see it. Newer models of above-ground tanks, however, are equally at home in either an interior or outdoor setting.
If you’re looking for the best of both worlds, a double-walled tank is a way to go. Their double-walled construction has been shown to outlast tanks with a single steel layer. They include protection against leeks in the event of a malfunction in the product.
A fiberglass tank is another material for an above-ground tank. They last a long time and won’t rust like a steel tank might. They include a hygienic coating that makes them simple to disinfect after use.